The 7 essential English adjective types

English adjective types

An adjective is a word used to describe a noun or a pronoun. Different English adjective types give further information about certain words. In English, adjectives are used for different purposes therefore they have several important functions.

Different English adjective types influence your writing and speaking. The English adjective types can also provide important information. Therefore, it is important that English learners know and learn the English adjective types.

English adjective types

English adjective types

At first, the most important thing to know, all the English adjective types come before the English word they describe. Take the phrase “the tall student” as an example, the word “tall” is one of the adjective types which gives us information about the height of the student.

An adjective can also sometimes be used at the end of a sentence. For example, the word “bored” in the English sentence ” Solving math problems makes me bored.” is one of the English adjective types.

As mentioned above, adjectives have many important occupations in English and that is why they are categorized into seven groups. In simple terms, there are seven types of adjectives in English language.

The seven English adjectives are: descriptive adjectives, quantitative adjectives, demonstrative adjectives, possessive adjectives, interrogation adjectives, distributive adjectives, and articles.

The mentioned English adjective types have different roles and customs in English language structures. In this article, we are going to provide brief and comprehensive information about each of the English adjective types.

Descriptive adjectives

A descriptive adjective is one of the English adjective types that is used to describe a noun or a pronoun. It gives information and qualities of the noun that precedes.

The words for example: beautiful, jealous, greedy, boring, happy, sad, shiny, fine, great, cute, good, tall, short, etc. are all common English descriptive adjectives.

All in all, this group of adjective types gives details about a noun or a pronoun. Descriptive adjectives as a member of the English adjective types, explicitly reveals characteristics and features about a noun for the reader or the listener.

For example, the common adjective “good” in the following sentences:

“Your handwriting is good.” and ” I want to get a good job.” is a descriptive adjective because it is used to describe certain nouns.

In the example above, the first sentence, the adjective “good” describes the quality of someone’s handwriting. In the second sentence, the adjective “good” is used to give some information about the job.

As you can see in the examples, descriptive adjectives are one of the English adjective types that adds details, and descriptions about a noun in a sentence.

Quantitative adjectives

A quantitative adjective gives information about the quantity of something. Therefore, this English adjective provides the answer to the questions of “how much?” or “how many?”. Common quantitative adjectives are for example: all, many, little, few and etc.

This type of the English adjective types reveals the amount of something that can be counted or measured. Look at the examples below:

For example: ” whole” in the sentence ” I read the whole book.” is a quantitative adjective because it answers the question of” how much (of the book did you read)? “. In other words, the word “whole” shows that someone read the all the pages and nothing is left.

Keep in mind that numbers are usually considered as main quantitative adjectives. For example, the number “one” in the sentence ” Marry only has one child.” is a quantitative adjective because it describes the number of Mary’s kids.

All in all, another one of the English adjective types is quantitative adjectives. Quantitative adjectives reflect the amount or number of something.

Demonstrative adjectives

One of the English adjective types is demonstrative adjectives. Demonstrative adjectives include: this, that, these, and those. These English adjectives determine the pronoun or noun that you tend to refer to.

Look at the examples below:

  • “I want to buy that car.”
  • “You are required to read this book for the final exam.”
  • ” Those students are hard-working.”
  • “People use social media for business purposes these days.”

The examples mentioned above are all demonstrative adjectives since they refer to the certain nouns (car, book, students, and days) that they are modifying.

This part of adjective types always come before the word they are describing. Demonstrative adjectives depend on the nouns they describe therefore they never come alone in a sentence.

Though, there is an exception when we use demonstrative adjectives alone in a sentence. When we want to want to answer a question, we can use these adjectives by themselves.

In the mentioned case, you can leave the noun that was used in the question. For example, if someone asks you “Which pencil case is yours?”, then you can simply point to your pencil case and respond ” This.”

In general, demonstrative adjectives as a part of the English adjective types are used as a reference to a particular word, whether a noun or a pronoun, in English.

Possessive adjectives

Possessive adjectives are the most common elements of the English adjective types. The word “possessive” comes from the root ” possess”, as a result this type of the English adjective shows belonging.

Possessive adjectives are used to show that something belongs to somebody or something. The most common possessive adjectives in English are:

1) My

Example: I ought to clean my closet this afternoon.

2) His

Example: His watch is very expensive.

3) Her

Example: Her hair was so long that she decided to cut it.

4) Their

Example: Their house is very big and luxurious.

5) Your

Example: Your qualifications are not enough for the job.

6) Our

Example: Luckily, our team was the winner of the big competition last year.

As it is noticeable in the examples, this one of the English adjective types never comes alone in an English sentence.

In addition, possessive adjectives, except his, always come before the noun they are modifying. For example, if someone asks you “Whose book is this?” you can say “It is his.”; whereas, you cannot say ” It is her.”, you have to say “It is her book.”

On the whole, possessive adjectives are one of the English adjective types that shows to whom or which something or someone belongs. They reflect ownership, property, and belonging. This member of the English adjective types is very common and useful in English grammar.

Interrogative adjectives

English adjective types

Interrogative adjectives are one of the English adjective types. The word “interrogative” comes from the verb “to interrogate” which means “to ask a question”.

 In English, interrogative adjectives include which, what, and whose. This type of the English adjective gives a form of a question to English sentences.

The examples of the three interrogative adjectives are as follows:

  1. Which job do you want to apply for?
  2. What lessons are you going to study this weekend?
  3. Whose shirt is this?

As you can see in the examples, these adjectives, as well, never come alone in English sentences. This type of adjective always comes before the noun it is modifying. They depend on the noun or pronoun which they describe.

Distributive adjectives

Distributive adjectives are another one of the English adjective types. These adjectives areused to refer to specific members of a group. They refer to a certain one or more things or people.

The most common distributive adjectives are as follows:

1) Each:

Example: Each member of the club is required to fill in the paper.

2) Every:

Example: I work from 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. every day.

3) Either:

Example: I bought two albums because I liked either of them.

4) Neither:

Example: There are two witnesses that I trust neither one.

5) Any:

Example: If there are any questions, I am here to answer.

As you can see in the examples, distributive adjectives also come before the noun they are modifying.

This type of the English adjectives is never used alone in English sentences. For example, if someone asks you ” Which movies did you like?”, you cannot say “I liked either.”; instead, you must say “I liked either of the movies”.

Overall, one of the English adjective types is distributive adjectives. This type of English adjectivesingles out certain people or things out of a category. It makes certain items or individuals stick out.

Proper:

Proper adjectives are one of the English adjective types, which are adjective forms of English proper nouns. They are used to express concepts or information briefly. They are usually capitalized.

Example:

  1.  The American dream is nothing but a lie.
  2. McDonald’s sandwiches are said to be delicious.
  3. This book gives valuable information about the English lifestyle.
  4. The Indian boys are highly talented in singing and dancing.

All the underlined words are the proper nouns modifying certain words. They give information about the nationality, origins of things. They are used to summarize a concept; take ” C” as an example, we can say “English lifestyle” instead of saying “the lifestyle which belongs to the people living in England.”

Articles (a/an/the)

Articles are one of the English adjective types which describe the nouns you are referring to. Many languages lack articles whereas some languages such as English have them.

Articles can both be a type of parts of speech and a type of the English adjective types. When articles come before the noun they describe, then they are certainly considered as one of the English adjective types.

Therefore, this type of English adjective is always followed by a particular noun or pronoun.

 In English, there are only three articles that are mentioned below:

  1.  “A”: It is used to refer to something or someone in general. It shows that the thing or the person you are describing is not specific.

    Keep in mind that you must not use it before the nouns which their first letter is a vowel. For example, you can never say ” I want a apple.”; instead, you should say “I want an apple.”.

Example: Would you please give me a pen?

  • “An”: It is used as a reference to a general type of a person or thing that has not been mentioned before. Stick in mind that it is not always the same with the word “an” since it is only followed by the words which their first letter is a vowel.

Example: An elephant weighs about 5000 kilograms.

  • “The”: unlike “a” and “an”, this article is used to refer to a particular thing or person that has been mentioned. So, it refers to known items or people.

Example: I want to buy the dress which is red and black.

Articles as one of the English adjective types, add description and information to the words they are preceding.

The most important thing that you should stick in mind about this part of English adjective types is that articles must not be omitted. If an article is omitted in an English sentence, then the whole sentence becomes grammatically and semantically wrong.

For example, if you omit the article “a” in the English sentence “I want to buy a house.”, then the sentence (I want to buy house) is inaccurate and incomplete in English. Therefore, articles are the most basic and important element of English adjective types.

Conclusion

To conclude the mentioned English adjective types, they add information, description, mood, and sense to English sentences. English adjective types modify the nouns they are preceding.

The English adjective types are used either alone or at the end of an English sentence. The most important element of English adjective types is articles because articles are the essential components that cannot be omitted.

English adjective types are words used to provide the reader or listener the qualities and characterises of something or someone. There are seven English adjective types which were mentioned.

English adjective types help the speaker or the writer to convey their thoughts, descriptions, and opinions about a particular subject effectively and exactly to their audience.

By learning the English adjective types, the learners can convey meaning, thoughts, opinions, and ideas much easier.

English adjective types are the main part of descriptions and illustrations of English language. As a result, it is essential to know all of the English adjective types and their structures in order to t accurately convey meaning and descriptions in English.

FAQ:

How many types of adjectives are there in English?

There are eight English adjective types including descriptive, quantitative, proper, demonstrative, possessive, interrogative, indefinite adjectives, and articles. The seven essential English adjective types are explained briefly in the first part of the article. Here, we are going to see what articles, as one of the English adjective types, are in English:

Articles sometimes function as adjectives and modify a noun or a group of nouns. They denote the specification of the words they modify. For example, ‘A’ and ‘an’ are both used to modify a noun that is not specific, whereas the article ‘the’ is used to modify a specific noun or a group of specific nouns. 

Examples:

A. I need to buy an umbrella.

B. My friend gave me a book as a gift.

C. The office opens at 7:00 A.M.

The two articles underlined in examples “A” and “B” are both generally referring to two unspecific nouns (“umbrella and book”) that we do not know about. In contrast, the article “the” in example “C” is referring to a known specific noun (office) which is common place. Most natural phenomena and famous places are accompanied by the article “the”.

On the whole, eight English adjective types provide information about nouns and pronouns. Articles are one of the adjective types, which only includes “the, an, and a”. Without articles, we can tell known and unknown English words apart.

How many types of adjectives are there in English?

There are eight English adjective types including descriptive, quantitative, proper, demonstrative, possessive, interrogative, indefinite adjectives, and articles. The seven essential English adjective types are explained briefly in the first part of the article.

What are adjectives words examples?

The example of each category of English adjective typesprovides more information about pronouns and pronouns. The articles, demonstrative adjectives, and interrogative adjectives are the exceptions because all of their members and examples are stated earlier. Below, the examples of adjective words are stated briefly:

Quantitative adjectives:

The common adjective examples of this category of English adjective types are:

Some, few, little, most, all, no, enough, any, whole, sufficient, none, and numbers.

Descriptive adjectives:

The common adjective examples of this category of English adjective types are:

Immense, miniature, petite, pudgy, rough, scaly, bumpy, smooth, putrid, fragrant, acrid, sweet, thundering, faint, muffled, shrill, stunning, muscular, attractive, hideous, funny, dependable, courageous, dishonest, good, and beautiful.

Proper adjectives:

The common adjective examples of this category of English adjective types are:

American, British, African, Chinese, French, etc.

Possessive adjectives:

The common adjective examples of this category of English adjective types are:

My, your, his, her, our, their, its, and whose.

Indefinite adjectives:

The common adjective examples of this category of English adjective types are:

Any, each, few, many, much, most, several, and some.

Conclusion

Overall provided the common examples for each one of the five mentioned English adjective types. Such examples are used a lot in English and help you to accurately determine English adjective types. You can also see the examples used in the first part of this article to get more information about the common example of English adjective types.

What are adjectives words examples?

1. Quantitative adjectives
2. Descriptive adjectives
3. Proper adjectives
4. Possessive adjectives
5. Indefinite adjectives

What are adjectives words examples?

The example of each category of English adjective typesprovides more information about pronouns and pronouns. The articles, demonstrative adjectives, and interrogative adjectives are the exceptions because all of their members and examples are stated earlier. Below, the examples of adjective words are stated briefly:

Quantitative adjectives:

The common adjective examples of this category of English adjective types are:

Some, few, little, most, all, no, enough, any, whole, sufficient, none, and numbers.

Descriptive adjectives:

The common adjective examples of this category of English adjective types are:

Immense, miniature, petite, pudgy, rough, scaly, bumpy, smooth, putrid, fragrant, acrid, sweet, thundering, faint, muffled, shrill, stunning, muscular, attractive, hideous, funny, dependable, courageous, dishonest, good, and beautiful.

Proper adjectives:

The common adjective examples of this category of English adjective types are:

American, British, African, Chinese, French, etc.

Possessive adjectives:

The common adjective examples of this category of English adjective types are:

My, your, his, her, our, their, its, and whose.

Indefinite adjectives:

The common adjective examples of this category of English adjective types are:

Any, each, few, many, much, most, several, and some.

Conclusion

Overall provided the common examples for each one of the five mentioned English adjective types. Such examples are used a lot in English and help you to accurately determine English adjective types. You can also see the examples used in the first part of this article to get more information about the common example of English adjective types.

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